Botany 2001 Logo

Botany 2001
"Plants and People"

August 12 - 16, 2001
Albuquerque Convention Center
Albuquerque, New Mexico

Wednesday Morning, August 15, 2001


7:00 AM - 8:30 AM Hyatt, Fiesta 1-2

Presiding: DIETER WILKEN, Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, 1212 Mission Canyon Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93105. Tele: 805-682-4726, E-mail:

7:00 AM - 8:30 AM Hyatt, Fiesta 3-4
MEETING AND LIGHT BREAKFAST: 2002 Education/Outreach Meeting – Planning Committee

Presiding: JEFFREY M. OSBORN, Division of Science, Truman State University, 100 E. Normal Street, Kirksville, MO 63501. Tele: 660-785-4017, E-mail:

8:00 AM – 12:00 PM ACC, 206-Ballroom A

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: ASPT / IOPB / Systematics Section, BSA – Euasterids I, Part I

Presiding: RACHEL A. WILLIAMS, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1312. Tele: 517-355-4695, E-mail:

8:00 43-1 Lynch, Steven P.1*, Linda E. Watson2, Peter Meyer1, Brian Farrell3, and Richard Olmstead4. 1Louisiana State University, Shreveport; 2Miami University, Oxford, OH; 3Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; 4University of Washington, Seattle. Molecular phylogeny of North American Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae).

8:15 43-2 Fishbein, Mark1*, Roberta J. Mason-Gamer1, Deborah J. Hopp1, Erin Douthit1, and Steven P. Lynch2. 1University of Idaho, Moscow; 2Louisiana State University, Shreveport. Phylogeny of North American Asclepias estimated from non-coding chloroplast (rpl16 intron and trnC-rpoB spacer) DNA sequences.

8:30 43-3 Padgett, Donald J. and Donald H. Les*. Bridgewater State College, Bridgewater, MA; University of Connecticut, Storrs. Preliminary phylogenetic studies in the Menyanthaceae.

8:45 43-4 Taylor, David William. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Systematics and phylogeny of Chione DC. (Rubiaceae).

9:00 43-5 Delprete, Piero G.* and Timothy J. Motley. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. Molecular systematics of the Chiococceae-Catesbaeeae complex (Rubiaceae): flower and fruit evolution and systematic implications.

9:15 43-6 Motley, Timothy J.* and Piero G. Delprete. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx. Molecular systematics of the Chiococceae-Catesbaeeae complex (Rubiaceae): Phylogeny and biogeography.

9:30 43-7 Helfgott, D. Megan* and Beryl B. Simpson. University of Idaho, Moscow; University of Texas, Austin. Phylogenetics of Nemophila using molecular and morphological data.

9:45 43-8 Stefanovic, Sasa* and Richard G. Olmstead. University of Washington, Seattle. Molecular systematics of Convolvulaceae inferred from multiple chloroplast loci.

10:00 BREAK

10:15 43-9 Olmstead, Richard* and Diane FergusoN. University of Washington, Seattle; Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. A molecular phylogeny of the Boraginaceae/ Hydrophyllaceae.

10:30 43-10 Garcia, Vicente F.* and Richard G. Olmstead. University of Washington. Seattle. Phylogenetic relationships of the Australian tribe Anthocercideae (Solanaceae) based on chloroplast DNA sequences.

10:45 43-11 Bohs, Lynn. University of Utah, Salt Lake City. Phylogeny of the Cyphomandra clade of the genus Solanum (Solanaceae).

11:00 43-12 Whitson, Mary Kathryn. Duke University, Durham, NC. Untangling Physalis (Solanaceae) from the physaloids: two-gene phylogeny vindicates the splitters.

11:15 43-13 Mueller, Kai1 *, Thomas Borsch1, Laurent Legendre2, Eberhard Fischer3, Stefan Porembski4 and Wilhelm Barthlott1. 1Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn; 2University of Western Sydney, Australia; 3Institut für Biologie, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Germany; 4Universität Rostock, Germany. The evolution of carnivory in the Lamiales: evidence from matK and adjacent noncoding regions.

11:30 43-14 Jobson, Richard W.1,2* and Victor A. Albert2. 1The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; 2University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa. Molecular rates parallel diversification contrasts between carnivorous plant sister lineages in Lentibulariaceae.

11:45 43-15 Coskun, Fatih* and Clifford R. Parks. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Biogeography and phylogeny of the genus Osmanthus (Oleaceae): evidence from nuclear ribosomal ITS DNA Sequences.

8:00 AM - 12:00 PM ACC, 204-Ballroom B

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: ASPT / IOPB / Systematics Section, BSA – General rosids and eurosids I

Presiding: C. THOMAS PHILBRICK, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Western Connecticut State University, Danbury, CT 06810. Tele: 203-837-8773, E-mail:

8:00 44-1 Moody, Michael L.* and Donald H. Les. University of Connecticut, Storrs. Phylogenetic relationships in Haloragaceae emphasizing the aquatic genus Myriophyllum.

8:15 44-2 Wanntorp, Livia. Stockholm University, Sweden. Phylogeny of Gunnera.

8:30 44-3 Philbrick, C. Thomas1*, Alejandro Novelo R.2 and Donald H. Les3. 1Western Connecticut State University; 2Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico, D.F.; 3University of Connecticut, Storrs. Taxonomy and Systematics of Podostemum (Podostemaceae).

8:45 44-4 Philbrick, C. Thomas1*, Alejandro Novelo R.2, Rolf Rutishauser3, and Donald H. Les4. 1Western Connecticut State University; 2Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico D.F.; 3Universität Zürich, Switzerland; 4University of Connecticut, Storrs. Phylogeny of New World Riverweeds (Podostemaceae): morphology.

9:00 44-5 Vera-Caletti, Patricia* and Tom Wendt. Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Mexico; University of Texas, Austin. A revision of the genus Calatola (Icacinaceae) in Mexico.

9:15 44-6 Davis, Charles C. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Madagasikaria (Malpighiaceae): an exciting new discovery form Madagascar, with important implications for floral evolution within Malpighiaceae.

9:30 44-7 DAVIS, CHARLES C.1*, WILLIAM R. ANDERSON2, and MICHAEL J. DONOGHUE3. 1Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; 2University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; 3Yale University, New Haven, CT. Phylogeny of Malpighiaceae: evidence from chloroplast ndhF and trnL-F nucleotide sequences.

9:45 44-8 Webster, Grady L.* and Kevin J. Carpenter. University of California, Davis. Pollen morphological characters as phylogenetic markers in neotropical taxa of Phyllanthus (Euphorbiaceae).

10:00 BREAK

10:15 44-9 Hearn, David John. University of Arizona, Tucson. Growth form evolution in Adenia and correlations with phytochemistry.

10:30 44-10 Archambault, Annie* and Anne Bruneau. Universite de Montreal, Canada. How useful is the LEAFY gene for the phylogeny reconstruction in the Caesalpinioideae?

10:45 44-11 Chandler, Gregory Thomas1*, Michael Douglas Crisp2, and Randall James Bayer3. 1Virginia Commonwealth University; 2The Australian National University, Canberra; 3Australian National Herbarium, Canberra. Character evolution, toxicity, co-evolution, and relationships in the endemic Australian genus Gastrolobium (Fabaceae: Mirbelieae).

11:00 44-12 Badr, Abdelfattah1,2*, Hanaa H. El Shazly1,3, Haddad El Rabey4, and Linda E. Watson1. 1Miami University, Oxford, OH; 2Tanta University, Egypt; 3Ain Shams University, Egypt; 4Menoufia University, Egypt. DNA amplified fragment length polymorphisms and the relationships of Lathyrus (Fabaceae).

11:15 44-13 Yang, L.1*, K. Steele1, and M. Lavin2. 1California State University, Hayward; 2Montana State University, Bozeman. Phylogenetic relationships of selected genera of subfamily Papilionoideae (Fabaceae), using nucleotide sequences of the nuclear-encoded gibberellin 20-oxidases.

11:30 44-14 Matthews, Merran L.1*, Peter K. Endress1, JÜRG SCHÖNENBERGER1,2, and Else Marie Friis2. 1University of Zürich, Switzerland; 2Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Anisophylleaceae and Cunoniaceae: why are their flowers so similar?

11:45 44-15 Cross, Hugh B.1,2*, Rafael Lira Saade3, Isela Rodriguez Arevalo3, and Timothy J. Motley1. 1The New York Botanical Garden; 2Columbia University, New York; 3Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F. Molecular phylogenetics of the tribe Sicyeae (Cucurbitaceae).

8:20 AM - 12:00 PM ACC, 202-Ballroom C

SYMPOSIUM: ASPT / Systematics Section, BSA – Biogeography and phylogeny of Caribbean plants

Organized by: TIMOTHY MCDOWELL, Department of Biological Sciences, Box 70703, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614. Tele: 423-439-6925, E-mail:; and PETER W. FRITSCH, Department of Botany, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, CA 94118. Tele: 415-750-7188, E-mail:

Presiding: TIMOTHY MCDOWELL, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City.

8:20 45-1 McDowell, TIMOTHY. East Tennessee State University, Johnson City. Opening comments.

8:30 45-2 GRAHAM, ALAN. Kent State University, Kent, OH. Geohistory models and paleovegetation of the Caribbean region.

9:00 45-3 LAVIN, MATT1*, Martin Wojciechowski2, Adam Richman1, Jay Rotella1, Michael J. Sanderson2, and Angela Beyra Matos3. 1Montana State University, Bozeman; 2University of California, Davis; 3Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente, Camaguey, Cuba. Identifying Tertiary radiations of Fabaceae in the Greater Antilles: alternatives to cladistic vicariance analysis.

9:15 45-4 Clarke, DAVID. University of North Carolina, Asheville. Biogeography of Acacia subgenus Acacia in the Caribbean and neotropics based on ITS nrDNA sequences and cpDNA restriction site mapping.

9:30 45-5 Santiago-Valentin, EUGENIO* and RICHARD G. OLMSTEAD. University of Puerto Rico Botanical Garden, San Juan; University of Washington, Seattle. Biogeography of the Goetzeoideae (Solanaceae).

9:45 45-6 Fritsch, PETER W. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. The historical biogeography of Antillean Styrax (Styracaceae).

10:00 BREAK

10:15 45-7 Negrón-Ortiz, VIVIAN* and LINDA E. WATSON. Miami University, Oxford, OH. Molecular phylogenetics of Ernodea and Erithalis (Rubiaceae): implications for Caribbean biogeography.

10:30 45-8 McDowell, TIMOTHY. East Tennessee State University, Johnson City. Exostema biogeography in light of molecular phylogenies and possible polyphyly.

10:45 45-9 Herrera, PEDRO. Institute of Ecology and Systematics, Habana, Cuba. Cuban Asteraceae and their relations with Continental species

11:00 45-10 Graham, SHIRLEY A. Kent State University, Kent, OH. Biogeographic patterns of Antillean Lythraceae.

11:15 45-11 Raz, LAUREN1,2*, Jacqueline Perez Camacho3, Dennis Stevenson1, and Kenneth Cameron1. 1New York Botanical Garden, Bronx; 2New York University, New York; 3Instituto de Ecologia y Sistematica, Habana, Cuba. Systematics and biogeography of Caribbean wild yams (Dioscoreaceae).

11:30 45-12 Kelchner, SCOT A.1,2*, Judy G. West1, Mike C. Crisp2, and Robert J. Chinnock3. 1Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Canberra, Australia; 2Australian National University, Canberra; 3State Herbarium of South Australia, Adelaide. The Caribbean Bontia daphnoides and its Australian family Myoporaceae (Lamiales): evidence of an extreme dispersal event from morphological data and rpl16 intron sequences.

11:45 45-13 FRITSCH, PETER W. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. Discussion and concluding remarks.

8:25 AM - 12:00 PM ACC, 66-Picuris

SYMPOSIUM: Phytochemical Section, BSA; Developmental and Structural Section, BSA - Why leaves turn red: the function of anthocyanins in vegetative organs, Part I

Organized by: DAVID W. LEE, Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199. Tele: 305 348-3111, E-mail:; KEVIN GOULD, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, NZ. Tele: 9 3737 599 x7298, E-mail:; and James W. Wallace, Biology Department, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC 28723. Tele: 828 293-5434, E-mail:

Presiding: Kevin S. Gould, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

8:25 46-1 Wallace, James W. Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC. Introduction.

8:30 46-2 Lee, David W. Florida International University, Miami, FL. Anthocyanins in leaves: history, phylogeny and development.

9:00 46-3 Winkel-Shirley, Brenda. Virginia Tech University, Blacksburg, VA. Molecular genetics and control of anthocyanin expression.

9:30 46-4 Walbot, Virginia*; C. Dean Goodman; and Savita Shah, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Translocation of anthocyanin from the cytoplasm to vacuole.

10:00 BREAK

10:30 46-5 Winefield, Christopher S.*; Kevin S. Gould; and Kenneth R. Markham, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd., Palmerston North, New Zealand. Flavonoid sequestration within the vacuolar compartment: a potential role for protein:anthocyanin interactions.

11:00 46-6 Hackett, Wesley P. University of California, Davis. Differential expression and functional significance of anthocyanins in relation to phasic development.

11:30 46-7 Chalker-Scott, Linda K. University of Washington, Seattle. Do anthocyanins function as osmoregulators in leaf tissues?

8:30 AM - 12:00 PM ACC, 76-Taos

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: Ecological Section, BSA – Seed ecology and reproductive biology

Presiding: GREGORY J. ANDERSON, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, U-43, Storrs, CT 06269-3043. Tele: 860-486-4555, E-mail:

8:30 47-1 ADAMS, CHRISTOPHER A.,1* JERRY M. BASKIN1, and CAROL C. BASKIN1,2. University of Kentucky, Lexington. Comparative seed dormancy in three Aristolochia species: a test of two hypotheses on changes in ecological requirements in plant lineages.

8:45 47-2 BASKIN, CAROL C.,1*, OLLE ZACKRISSON2, and JERRY M. BASKIN2. 1University of Kentucky, Lexington and 2Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea, Sweden. Role of warm plus cold stratification in promoting germination of seeds with stony endocarps: Empetrum hermaphroditum.

9:00 47-3 TODD, BRENT L.,1*, HENRY R. OWEN1, JANICE M. COONS2, and CHRISTINA J. HEISLER1. 1Eastern Illinois University, Charleston and 2University of Illinois, Urbana. Seed germination and seedling development of Stylisma pickeringii (Patterson bindweed), an Illinois-endangered sand prairie species.

9:15 47-4 WALCK, JEFFREY L., * and SITI N. HIDAYATI. Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro. Seed germination ecology of North American Heuchera species (Saxifragaceae): the eastern H. parviflora and western H. cylindrica.

9:30 47-5 ANDERSON, GREGORY J., * and JAMES D. HILL. University of Connecticut, Storrs. Many to flower, few to fruit: the reproductive biology of Hamamelis virginiana (Hamamelidaceae).

9:45 47-6 ARMSTRONG, JOSEPH E. Illinois State University, Normal. Competition among floral brooding insects and reproductive success in Anaxagorea crassipetala (Annonaceae).

10:00 BREAK

Presiding: CHRISTOPHER K. FRAZIER, New Mexico Natural Heritage Program, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131. Tele: 505-277-3822 x225, E-mail:

10:30 47-7 BAACK, ERIC J. University of California, Davis. Barriers to reproductive success of tetraploid snow buttercups (Ranunculus adoneus) due to interference from diploid plants.

10:45 47-8 ENZ, JOHN. University of Louisville, KY. Nectar robbers and non-nectar robbers: their visitation rates and their effects on seed set in Virginia Bluebells, Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers.

11:00 47-9 FRAZIER, CHRISTOPHER K.,* and TIMOTHY K. LOWREY. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Pollination and reproductive ecology of three lowland tropical pitcher plants (Nepenthes).

11:15 47-10 GEIGER, JOHN H. Florida International University, Miami. Pollination and reproduction of Ruellia succulenta Small in pine rockland fragments.

11:30 47-11 KOPTUR, SUZANNE. Florida International University, Miami. The floral biology and breeding system of Jacquemontia curtissii, an endemic morning glory of south Florida pine rocklands.

11:45 47-12 KORPELAINEN, HELENA. University of Helsinki, Finland. A genetic method to resolve gender before sexual maturity complements investigations on sex ratios in dioecious Rumex acetosa.

9:00 AM - 11:45 AM ACC, 68/70-Sandia/Santa Ana

SYMPOSIUM: ABLS / Bryological Section, BSA – Lichen biodeterioration: progress and problems, Part I

Organized by: LARRY L. ST. CLAIR, Department of Botany and Range Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602-0200. Tele: 801-378-4879, E-mail:; and MARK R. D. SEAWARD, Department of Environmental Science, University of Bradford, Bradford BD7 1DP, UK. Tele: 44-1274-234212.

Presiding: LARRY L. ST. CLAIR, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.

9:00 48-1 ST. CLAIR, LARRY L. Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. Introduction.

9:15 48-2 SEAWARD, MARK R. D. University of Bradford, Bradford, UK. Lichens as subversive agents of biodeterioration.

10:00 48-3 KNIGHT, KATHRYN B.*, LARRY L. ST. CLAIR and JOHN S. GARDNER. Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. Lichen-mediated degradation of historic and prehistoric panels at El Morro National Monument, New Mexico.

10:30 BREAK

10:45 48-4 DANIN, AVINOAM. Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. The impact of lithobionts on biodeterioration of desert rocks and the diversity of their micro-habitat communities.

11:15 48-5 ROSATO, VILMA GABRIELA. LEMIT, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Lichen species growing on mortar and concrete in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.

9:00 AM - 11:00 AM ACC, 54-Cochiti

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: Developmental and Structural Section, BSA – Vasculature, wood, and ecological anatomy

Presiding: RANESSA L. COOPER, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta 26G 2E9, Canada. Tele: 780-492-0083, E-mail:

9:00 49-1 PIZZOLATO, THOMPSON D.1 and MARSHALL D. SUNDBERG2.* 1University of Delaware, Newark; 2Emporia State University, Emporia, KS. Initiation of the vascular system in the shoot of Zea mays L (Poaceae). 1) The procambial nodal plexus.

9:15 49-2 TOMLINSON, P. BARRY. Harvard University, Petersham, MA; National Tropical Botanical Garden, Kalaheo, Kauai, HI. Does Gnetum show reaction tissue?

9:30 49-3 JANSEN, STEVEN1*, PIETER BAAS2, and ERIK SMETS1. 1K.U.Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 2Nationaal Herbarium Nederland, Leiden, The Netherlands. Vestured pits: a wood anatomical character with strong phylogenetic signals at high taxonomic levels.

9:45 49-4 RENTZ, ERIN D.* and ROBERT W. PATTERSON. San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA. Effects of burning on the anatomical structure of Corylus cornuta and Xerophyllum tenax, plants commonly used in California aboriginal basketry.

10:00 BREAK

10:15 49-5 COOPER, RANESSA L.*, SENNAIT A. YOHANNES, and DAVID D. CASS. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. A structural study of the rare willow, Salix planifolia ssp. tyrrellii, from the Athabasca sand dunes of northern Alberta.

10:30 49-6 ZARINKAMAR, FATEMEH. Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands, Tehran, Iran. Anatomical/ecological studies of rare species in Arasbaran's protected area in Iran.

10:45 49-7 MCDILL, JOSHUA R.1*, ROBERT W. PATTERSON1, and J. MARK PORTER2. 1San Francisco State University, CA and 2Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden, Claremont, CA. A comparative anatomical study of Linanthus and related genera (Polemoniaceae), with implications for their relationships and evolution.

9:00 AM - 12:00 PM ACC, 50/78/80-Acoma/Tesuque/Zuni

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS: Paleobotanical Section, BSA – Tertiary fossil plants, informal presentations

Presiding: WILLIAM D. TIDWELL, Department of Botany and Range Science, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602. Tele: 801-378-3660, E-mail:

9:00 50-1 HERENDEEN, PATRICK S.1* and BONNIE FINE JACOBS2. 1George Washington University, Washington DC; 2Southern Methodist University. Fossil legumes from the Eocene of Tanzania.

9:15 50-2 MANCHESTER, STEVEN R. Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville. Leaves and fruits of Davidia (Cornales) from the Paleocene of North America.

9:30 50-3 McELWAIN, JENNIFER C. The Field Museum, Chicago, IL. A novel climate-independent method for estimating paleo-elevation from fossil plants.

10:00 50-4 JACOBS, BONNIE F.1* and PATRICK S. HERENDEEN2. 1Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX; 2The George Washington University, Washington, DC. Evidence for dry climate at the Eocene Mahenge site, north-central Tanzania.

10:15 50-5 GROTE, PAUL J.*, CHONGPAN CHONGLAKMANI, and PRAMOOK BENYASUTA. Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. Tertiary floras of Northern Thailand: charcoalified conifer wood.

10:30 BREAK

10:45 50-6 DILLHOFF, RICHARD M.1,2*, ESTELLA B. LEOPOLD2, and STEVEN R. MANCHESTER3. 1Evolving Earth Foundation, Sammamish, Washington,; 2University of Washington, Seattle; 3Florida Museum of Natural History, Gainesville. The McAbee Flora and its relation to the proposed Middle Eocene "Okanogan Highlands" flora of the Pacific Northwest.

11:00 50-7 MYERS, JEFFREY. Western Oregon University, Monmouth. Coastal vegetation from the Middle Eocene of San Diego, California.

11:15 50-8 BUECHLER, WALTER K.1* and GEORGE W. ARGUS2. 1Boise, ID; 2Merrickville, Ontario, Canada. Is this a willow leaf? - A review of diagnostic traits in modern Salix (Salicaceae) for use in fossil identification.

11:30 50-9 FIELDS, PATRICK F. Michigan State University, East Lansing. A review of the Middle Miocene Mahonias of western North America and a key to their species.


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